So what is TypeScript?
TypeScript is going to come along side you and enforce that “hey this is a string this is a number this is you know some object with a certain felds” TypeScript is going to add those guarantees so that you can code with more confidence.
In practice you’ll find that you’ll have fewer dumb errors; If you’re working on a team, it becomes vastly easier to communicate what certain code does because they can see right there what the types are and when they go to use them TypeScript is going to tell them if they’re using them erroneously.
It is easier to communicate with your future self so that when you come back to your code it’s easier to tell how things work. You can just look and see what the types of various objects are without having to go back and actually run the program to see if the guesses you’re making about the program are actually true.
In short, the code has become much more self-documenting
One thing I wanted to mention as well is that the types are in a lot of cases optional, or what you might call a gradual, or can be inferred by TypeScript. That means there’s a lot of cases where you don’t really need to tell it what the type of something is, it’ll see “hey I’m setting this variable to a string so that must be a string”, and you don’t have to do the redundant typings that you might have gotten used to if you came from a C# for a Java background, and that’s really nice.
I think TypeScript helps enforce some good habits in a few different ways. First, once you get used to the typings, it becomes very natural when writing new code to sketch out the interfaces and relationships between data before you start writing code, because you can use those right away when you start actually implementing your program, rather than just leaving them as inert comments or notes or thoughts in your head.
Second, depending on how you configure TypeScript you can make it so it’s much more strict about checking for null and undefined, which is a really good habit to get into.I’ve been guilty myself of getting lazy and thinking “well this could fail as null or undefined, but I’m just going to ignore it because it makes my code a lot simpler.” But if TypeScript is yelling at me I’m much more likely to do the proper thing and that’s really good.
Third, if you’re defining a type and it becomes hard to think about or it hard to describe a lot of times that’s been an indication to me that “hey I’m making this more complicated than it needs to be” or I’m I’m trying to do this in a way that might be clever now but it isn’t going to stand up to the test of time. I’m going to come back to this later be super confused or I’m going to have to hand this off to a co-worker and they’re going to be super confused.
Better IDE support is one thing that’s great is if you’re using something like Visual Studio Code or JetBrains WebStorm or any other IDE or Smart Text Editor with TypeScript. You get way better auto completion so you can access things or call functions and it’s going to tell you “hey this is how you call this thing” or “hey that’s an error you missed a parameter here” and that kind of thing.
So that’s a general overview of what TypeScript is. I hope that was helpful to you! I’ve got other videos out there on TypeScript, so if you want to learn more, please check them out!
If you visit https://typescriptbyexample.com you’ll see some info on a course that I’m building for TypeScript. You can put your email address in at the bottom of the page and you’ll be notified when that’s ready. I’d love to hear from you, and I’d love to have you be a part of the course. Thank you so much for watching! Goodbye!Announcing: Learn TypeScript By Example